In 1998, the Ontario Medical Association declared air pollution a public health crisis in Ontario, with coal-fired power plants being significant contributors to the smog problem.

The Province committed to phasing out coal-fired generation in 2002, and wind energy development helped Ontario meet that goal in 2014. Today, wind turbines harness wind across the Province and generate clean, homegrown energy without harmful emissions.



Carbon Dioxide Emissions Offset

596,300 tonnes/year
116,900 car equivalent


Other Emissions Offset

Sulphur Dioxide
2,900 tonnes/year

Nitrogen Oxides 
860 tonnes/year


9.5 kg/year


Water Conserved

1,372,160,000 liters/year 
Enough to supply 16,700 Ontarians/year.

Benefits of Wind Energy


  • Is an inexhaustible resource
  • Reduces reliance on imported fuel
  • Benefits the environment and helps fight climate change
  • Is compatible with mixed land use: grazing, agriculture and hunting
  • Creates job opportunities in local areas
  • Provides a steady income to farmers and property owners
  • Strengthens the local tax base, helping to improve town services, including schools, police and fire departments
  • Provides more direct economic impacts than new fossil fuel plants
  • Produces energy with stable production costs, offering a hedge against other energy sources with volatile fuel markets


Sources: Emissions offset calculations use estimated electricity production for the 179 MW Armow Wind facility compared to emission rates from the Nanticoke coal plant provided in the Ministry of the Environment’s report Coal-Fired Electricity Generation in Ontario (2001). The car equivalence assumes a typical passenger vehicle produces 5.1 tonnes of CO2 per year, based on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle (2011). The water savings assumes coal-fired generation uses 2,048 litres/MWh, as calculated by the American Wind Energy Association. The "people supplied" figure is based on Environment Canada’s Municipal Water Use Report (2011), which assumes 225 litres/day per Ontario resident.